|Scottish holiday, Part 3 of 3, in which we visit the St Kilda archipelago
Mad Scientess Jane Expat
I still can’t quite believe we were able to go to St Kilda. It was the highlight of the trip. I suspect it will be a highlight of our lives.
For those who don’t know, and I certainly didn’t until the bloke & I stumbled across it in two books in quick succession (The New Naturalist Scotland book and Kathleen Jamie’s Sightlines), the St Kilda archipelago is the remotest part of the British Isles, 41 miles (66 kilometres) west of the Outer Hebrides. It is no longer permanently inhabited. The last 30 native occupants were evacuated in 1930. Today, the MOD, the National Trust for Scotland and Scottish Heritage assume joint responsibility for maintaining the islands, mostly for conservation efforts.
St Kilda is a World Heritage Site and is possibly Europe’s most essential breeding location for North Atlantic seabirds. (Seabirds formed the major part of the native St Kildans’ diet.) It also plays host to a unique species of mouse and wren (which we saw, but I couldn’t photograph well), and the Soay sheep, which are a primitive breed dating back to the Bronze Age.
To reach St Kilda, you have to either: work for Qinetiq or the MOD, pay to volunteer for a stint on Hirta (the main island) or pay someone to take you there by private hire boat. We selected the last option, as it’s the only way to commit to a mere day trip.
We rose at 6:30 AM (although I was awake at 5:30, scared we’d miss our phone alarms and thus the boat), ate a quick breakfast and packed up our tent. We’d been told to arrive at the speedboat that took us to St Kilda no later than 7:45 AM in Leverburgh and though we were a few minutes early, we were the last ones there, so we were ushered quickly on. I was allowed to go on the condition that I remain seated in the cabin for the entire journey, which I did. Of the 12 passengers, three were seasick. I was not one of them. Of the 12 passengers, three were under the age of fifty. The bloke and I comprised two of the three.
Even by speedboat, it takes three hours to get to St Kilda from Leverburgh on the southern end of Harris Island in the Outer Hebrides. By the time we arrived, we were itching to get walking through the glorious sunshine.
As soon as they would let us after the dinghy ride to the tiny pier, we started to climb up the slope of Hirta, the main island, from the MOD base into realms of the cleitean. These low stone turf-roofed structures were used mainly for food storage and they were all over the St Kildan islands. Presumably cleit-building was a major source of entertainment as well as a necessity, as they appear to be in some rather impractical though aesthetically pleasing places. The isle of Dun can be seen across the harbour in the photo.
This little lamb is a Soay sheep. (The adults are not much bigger.)
Wheatears are common on St Kilda. This one followed us from cleit to cleit, singing its heart out.
Another wheatear - possibly a juvenile - looking very pleased with its grub.
These low stone enclosures were used for growing crops, to protect them from the fierce Atlantic storms that rake the islands. The museum made mention of a storm so loud that it deafened all the inhabitants for a week. It was hard to believe when looking at this pastoral scene on a calm day.
Meet the “bonksy”, aka the Great Skua. The reason for the nickname will become clear in a moment.
You will notice that this photo is out of focus. This is because I’m about to be “bonksied”. The skuas make warning swoops across the heads of humans who stray from the sheep paths, as they consider any such deviation as trespass into their nesting territory. As it’s breeding season at the moment, we were quite happy to obey the bonksy rules.
A much happier Great Skua, now that we’ve returned to the sheep path.
This was our first glimpse of the isle of Boreray (on the right, with the grassy bits) and the two famous sea stacs, Stac An Armin and Stac Lee, home to gigantic seabird colonies. We saw it when we reached the top of the grassy slope, which dropped off to a sheer cliff tens of metres above sea level on the other side. Looking over the edge was pretty terrifying. The only way I could manage it was to lie on my front and crawl up to the edge.
The view down the slope from the top of the cliff.
Me sitting as close to the edge of the cliff as I dared to put my back to it. Boreray and the sea stacs in the background.
Nesting fulmars and their chick in the cliff. You can probably tell that I’m lying down again to take this photo.
We walked up the edge of the cliff a little way before my pregnant body protested at being hauled any further in a vertical direction, and we stumbled across these rocks. It looks to me as if they’ve been deliberately arranged to reflect the shapes of Boreray and the sea stacs in the distance.
We hiked back down the grassy slope. My only regret on this trip was that I couldn’t manage to walk all the way around Hirta, which we had time to do (3.5 hours). Instead, we visited the little museum and then went to sit out at the edge of the village to watch the flotillas of seabirds - and the seal! - in the harbour.
Puffin with its typically ungraceful landing. They always look like they’ve never done the whole flying thing before. So much flapping on take-off, during flight and landing. The only time they look comfortable is in the water.
Harbour seal playing in the water. (This is when I wished very much that the reach of my telephoto were just a little bit further...)
Puffin in flight.
Nesting fulmars and their hungry chick, panting in the hot sun.
It occurred to me when we went to the post office to get postcards that it would be good to have at least one photo proving that both of us were there.
We returned to the boat at 3:30 PM. It’s the one furthest right in the harbour.
Everyone was exhilarated as we clambered from the dinghy back into the speedboat. The crew met us with cups of tea and generous slices of rum and raisin cake, which we devoured sitting on the deck. I was happy when we set off to circle the other islands and they didn’t ask me to return to the cabin - presumably because I’m still pretty mobile and I didn’t get seasick. This is Boreray and the stacs as we headed toward them.
I was not prepared for the effect the leisurely boat trip around the stacs was to have on all of us. It was truly like being dropped into a wildlife documentary. Imagine seeing Stac Lee in its 175 metres of glory, which hosts an estimated 6000 breeding pairs of gannets, and then riding straight up to it. It’s overwhelming. The silence - apart from the calling of the birds - was largely unbroken by conversation.
At first we thought all that white was bird droppings. Well, some of it is, but the rest of it is birds. Birds, birds and more birds.
Getting a bit closer, you can start to distinguish just how many birds there are, and that’s just at the top.
A bit further down the Bird Condominium.
Looking straight up at the stac, into the sky full of wheeling gannets. (With my mouth firmly closed.)
The Bird Condominium is strictly segregated. The gannets rule the top, the fulmars the level below, the guillemots beneath them and the puffins skirt the very bottom levels. This photo shows the fulmar and guillemot levels.
A closer view of the fulmar/guillemot split.
The guillemot level, a bit closer.
A gannet in flight, carrying a bit of seaweed.
All those black specks are birds. The noise was phenomenal. So was the smell.
D’awww, puffins (near Boreray).
Guillemots on Boreray.
One of these things is not like the others. The guillemots appear to resent the shag’s intrusion - they’ve all got their backs to it!
Guillemots again. I was hoping to glimpse a chick, but no luck.
Nesting gannets on Boreray. There’s a chick right in the middle of all those adults.
It’s a bit easier to see the chick spreading its wings in this cropped version.
The caves on Boreray. What I wouldn’t give to come back and explore those with a bit of diving/spelunking kit...
As the sun finally began to dip toward the horizon, we regretfully turned our backs on the stacs and Boreray. No one was seasick on the three-hour journey back to Leverburgh. We were all too worn out from excitement and sun. Most of us fell asleep.
We drove from Leverburgh to Luskentyre to check in at our B&B. Our kind hosts warned us that we should go immediately to Tarbert to find something to eat as there was only one restaurant on the island open past 8 PM, in the hotel. We ate in a state of quiet exhilaration, exclaiming periodically over the day’s observations, before driving back through a glorious sunset.
I feel privileged to have spent an afternoon simply being at St Kilda. I feel privileged to have been able to afford to make the journey. I feel privileged to have been allowed to travel there despite being almost six months pregnant. I feel privileged to have had calm seas and clear skies on exactly the day we had planned to go there. Many would-be St Kilda visitors spend their entire holidays hanging about on the Outer Hebrides, hoping to go, and because of the weather or rough seas or both, are unable to make the journey. We were so, so lucky. I will not soon forget the experience.