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Mad Scientess Jane Expat

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The future of space [20100202|11:02]
Mad Scientess Jane Expat
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[the weather today is |sardonic]

I've received a few messages of concern about the security of my job in the face of President Obama's proposed cancellation of NASA's Constellation programme, which aimed to facilitate manned spaceflight with a view to returning to the moon. I have to say that I'm not averse to the prospect. Not only because it doesn't affect me directly - I work on robotic spaceflight, which is likely to benefit from the cancellation - but because I don't believe government investment in such a programme is affordable or justifiable at the moment.

I've put together my responses to the arguments I've seen in defense of the programme.

It will be damaging to scientific research.

No. There has never been a strong science case for humans to perform science research in space, other than field geology, which robotic apparati still can't do well. But for most in situ scientific experiments - spectroscopy and particle measurements, for example - a human will have to use a machine to perform the analysis. Such machines can be operated well from remote locations, e.g. the Earth.

In fact, since the proposed budget will boost robotic spaceflight efforts, this change is likely to be beneficial to space-related science research.

It will be damaging to public perception of science.

This is probably true for as long as the story remains in the popular press. I would argue, though, that the mysterious entity commonly referred to as "the public" seem to have become rather blasé about the most spectacular aspects of human spaceflight associated with science, such as shuttle launches and the development of the ISS, in recent years. Scientists are still a fairly stereotyped bunch. The press they get still presents them as Martian boffins slaving away in dark rooms and allowed out quarterly to show their results to a public which suspects them of probably getting it wrong anyway.

Seriously, though, I would argue that this temporary damage is founded on a misconception of the purpose of science. I think technological development is often confused with scientific research. They are sometimes linked, but the distinction is important. The jobs that will be lost due to the cancellation of Constellation, because they support human spaceflight, will mostly be technology-based. Technological developments that ultimately improve science experiments do not have to depend on their application to science. Likewise, basic research in science usually has tenuous applicability to technology. Figuring out whether or not it's useful is frankly not the scientists' job.

In the long term, however, a positive public perception of science will have to be earned in arenas much closer to home. The one that springs instantly to mind is climate change.

It will allow other countries (e.g. China) to return people to space before America does.

This seems to me to be the most tenuous defense of the human spaceflight programme, and also the most challenging to counter, because the motivation is political, not scientific or technological, and therefore not necessarily logical.

Let's put aside the fact that I don't see this as the calamity that a lot of other Americans do. I think that it's far more likely that a commercial enterprise will establish a regular spaceflight service (whatever the destination) before a national entity does. They have the financial resources and the willingness to take risks that governments do not. In the worst case scenario, astronauts dying in the service of corporations is likely to cause less outrage than those who die in the service of a government, because public money wasn't used to fund the failure of their mission.

There isn't much point in trying to cow the Russians with the might of an American spaceflight programme since they are now almost inextricably interdependent. The entities with which America is actually engaged in war at present are hardly likely to be demoralized because America wins the race to establish a moon base. And I'm sure there are more efficient and inexpensive ways to counter the Chinese threat to America's position as global superpower than by beating them to building a moon base.

I have more immediate concerns about the UK's funding of space exploration to worry about. The 2010-2015 plan released by STFC (Science & Technology Funding Council) proposed a "managed withdrawal" from both of the robotic space missions I work on - Cluster (at Earth) and Cassini (at Saturn). These missions are still operational and NASA's support for Cassini, which is a joint mission with Europe, is expected to continue for another seven years. Withdrawing support for instruments built and operated by UK institutions for an international flagship mission seems to me to be the height of foolishness.

There is little I can do about it, however, since I know that our instrument team has been guaranteed full support only through September of this year. I have to start thinking about finding another line of work. Much as I don't want to leave my job, because I love it, I have to remember first and foremost that I am an American who chooses to work in the UK. Retaining my points-based visa depends on maintaining a certain level of income, which means that I can't afford to be sentimental or overly choosy. If I can't find another job doing post-launch support for robotic spacecraft - and there is hardly a glut of such specialist positions going spare - I will have to change fields. This is something of a blow after having just done so. It's been over three years, but when you spent the preceding 12 dedicated to a different one, that doesn't feel like very long.

In conclusion, have a picture of a cat washing his toes.

Has A Flavr

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[User Picture]From: nanila
2010-02-05 15:52 (UTC)
Maybe icon is trying to thumbsup the kitteh. That's okay, then.
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[User Picture]From: chickenfeet2003
2010-02-02 14:01 (UTC)
K: This is my bunny impersonation

N: Do what?

K: I'm myxomatosis
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[User Picture]From: nanila
2010-02-05 15:53 (UTC)
Pathogens for breakfast, om nom nom!
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[User Picture]From: smallfurry
2010-02-02 17:19 (UTC)
i can't believe how big those little kittens are getting!

re: your job, is there anything in the private sector that you could apply your skills to? government contractors? they usually manage to string their funding out for years... :)
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[User Picture]From: nanila
2010-02-05 15:56 (UTC)
Sputnik, pictured above, is still fairly small. Telstar, on the other hand, seems to be intent on expanding in all directions.

I'm investigating multiple possibilities. Although I hasten to point out that I don't want to leave, so it'll take something spectacular (or a definite termination date) to make me go.
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[User Picture]From: thalassius
2010-02-02 20:06 (UTC)
Sorry - deleted my original comment because it was very cynical and I don't feel like spreading cynicism any further ;)

Anyway - in short, Constellation was a mess, and we're well rid of it, and I hope STFC come to their senses in time . . .

Edited at 2010-02-02 08:06 pm (UTC)
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[User Picture]From: nanila
2010-02-05 16:00 (UTC)
The NASA announcement for Cassini's XXM will hopefully have an impact on STFC.

A letter to The Times from UK scientists was published today, with associated article. We shall see.
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[User Picture]From: nimoloth
2010-02-02 20:50 (UTC)
I like Obama's reshuffling - seems pretty sensible to me. I was never very keen on Dubya's plan to spend all the money on sending people to the Moon and Mars at the expense of other programs. Your position is certainly more affected by the UK government's plans, which I don't like. Presumably most of the inquiries you've had following Obama's announcement are from American colleagues, or does the American space program funding get more coverage than the UK's here?
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[User Picture]From: nanila
2010-02-05 16:01 (UTC)
Most were from American friends, yes, although it's interesting that UK friends also seemed to think my position has been funded by NASA. An easy assumption to make, given that I'm American. :-)
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From: (Anonymous)
2010-02-03 00:31 (UTC)


This picture tickles me... as interesting as space is and it is immeasurably fascinating. i don't see where's the hurry to get up there, we got a vast universe of unknown in our backyard.
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[User Picture]From: nanila
2010-02-05 16:02 (UTC)
Like the abyssal plain! Every time I watch "Blue Planet" I marvel at how little know about the deep ocean.
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[User Picture]From: painted_dreams
2010-02-03 04:51 (UTC)
I'm intrigued by your line of work. I'll admit that I don't have a very scientific or mathematical mind, but I do appreciate and am interested in both. It would be a shame if you had to find another field to work in.

Your cat is just too cute haha.

I give you kitty drinking from the sink.
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[User Picture]From: nanila
2010-02-05 16:03 (UTC)
Why is it that cats will drink from everything except their water dish? Give them a bird bath, a running tap, a full bathtub, a toilet bowl and they'll drink like their thirst will never be quenched.
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[User Picture]From: painted_dreams
2010-02-05 21:37 (UTC)
I have no idea haha. My cat OJ (pictured above) will only drink from the dogs water dish, a special water fountain, the faucet and I've caught him in the toilet. I have an inkling that they still have a touch of wild nature in them.
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[User Picture]From: angelcityblues
2010-02-03 20:39 (UTC)
I just saw this from the CassiniSaturn Twitter feed. This is good news, yes?
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[User Picture]From: nanila
2010-02-04 11:47 (UTC)
It is, yes. (We've kind of known this for a while, but it is a bit of a surprise that funding for the entire seven-year extension has been released.)

It's only indirectly beneficial to us in the UK, however. We don't receive our funding directly from NASA. We're dependent on STFC to match NASA's funds. Hopefully the decision will put pressure on STFC to delay (or cancel) the withdrawal. These are battles that have yet to be fought.
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